Rep. Brawley shops for statistics to prove that school districts are better when small and segregated
In late June 2017 House Bill 704 called for the creation of a joint legislative study committee in order to study the process of dissolving and breaking up school districts. Its primary sponsor, Rep. Bill Brawley, is now co-chair of the Joint Legislative Study Committee on the Division of Local School Administrative Units.
Opponents of the committee feel it is an unnecessary task for a variety of reasons.
First, the idea is fraught with potential constitutional violations. Many Democratic legislators see it as an attempt to directly target and racially segregate two of the largest school districts in the country, Wake County and Charlotte-Mecklenburg schools. Despite initial strong opposition in both districts, merging city and county schools in the Raleigh and Charlotte areas back in the 1970s effectively integrated schools and, as the districts started using a shared tax base, improved school quality drastically.
After hearing a presentation on constitutional issues in district division that explicitly warned that discriminatory effect is evidence of discriminatory intent, Brawley told the committee he had personally asked for the presentation so that it would be “on the record.”
“We knew this was out there and the history of North Carolina would lead some people to doubt our motives,” he said while admitting that he is “not sure how relevant it [a presentation on racial and economic discrimination in schools] is to North Carolina.”
When HB 704 passed, Brawley pointed out that, while there are laws in place to combine school systems, there are none that dictate a process for breaking them up again. According to Tim Lavallee, vice president of the WakeEd Partnership, school districts wishing to break apart with the permission of the General Assembly simply need to file a bill with their legislators.
Advocates of smaller districts often point to the enormous operating costs and less control over education in larger districts. In a presentation to the committee, the Department of Public Instruction proved the opposite; based on their projections, splitting school districts would lead to higher costs and less efficiency in schools’ transportation, insurance, administration and nutrition programs.
These statistics have not phased Brawley—or the other vocal Republican members of the committee, Speaker Pro Tempore Sarah Stevens and Senator Dan Bishop. When DPI section chief of transportation Kevin Harrison surmised that splitting Wake and CMS would require between 111 and 336 buses each, at a cost of between $9.4 million and $28.5 million, Brawley called his statistics “misleading.” Bishop also refuted the numbers, saying that large school districts would use their buses faster and need them replaced sooner.
Nathan Maune from DPI’s school planning section told committee members that splitting districts would leave some schools with aging facilities while others got brand new buildings—the “haves have-nots.” In other words, as districts become smaller and more independent, facilities will inevitably deteriorate. This concept is echoed in an education study released by the NC Justice Center, which showed that “racially and economically isolated” schools are far more likely to have “older, dilapidated buildings where students generally have less access to advanced course offerings and extra-curricular activities.”
Stevens responded to Maune’s presentation by insinuating that was something “the county commissioners would take care of in their [building and construction] budget.”
The same study found that several districts across the state have become increasingly segregated over the last 10 years. Among those districts are Charlotte-Mecklenburg and Wake County Schools, which have racial dissimilarity of indexes of 0.59 and 0.41 respectively. Charlotte-Mecklenburg, home to both Brawley and Bishop’s districts, is “by far the most racially segregated district in the state.”
“Several districts have become increasingly segregated over the last 10 years. Among districts with more than 10,000 students, Pitt, Nash-Rocky Mount, Wake, Guilford, Harnett, and Charlotte-Mecklenburg have all become increasingly segregated. Charlotte-Mecklenburg’s dissimilarity index of 0.55 makes it by far the most racially segregated district in the state.” (NC Policy Watch, Report Page 7)
After two meetings of this committee, with at least one more planned, it is clear that Rep. Brawley is simply shopping for statistics that will prove his point.